Plant species consumed by Ibex and chemical analysis of Saccharum ravennae L. from three different locations of Gilgit, Pakistan

Arshad Ali Shedayi, Sajida Begum, Sehrish Sadia, Ming Xu, Ihsan Ilahi

Abstract


The present study focused on the plant species consumed by Ibex in Khunjerab National Park (KNP). Among which the most palatable grass Saccharum ravennae L. was collected from KNP, Sost and Gilgit to analyze protein, carbohydrate, amino acids, and crude oil. The data about the plant species consumed by Ibex was collected through simple questionnaires and direct interviews from the shepherds, KNP staff and local inhabitants. A total of 17 plant species belonging to 15 families were being consumed by Himalayan ibex in KNP. All families having one species each, except Asteraceae which have three species. Saccharum ravennae is one of the most palatable grasses establishes itself by growing on harsh substrates like gravel, cliff and stream banks and is much taller than the surrounding vegetation. The oven dried shoots of all samples were analyzed for the qualitative detection of proteins, carbohydrates, amino acids, and crude oil. These three samples of Saccharum ravennae collected from three different elevation and topographic areas contained carbohydrates and crude oil, whereas proteins and amino acids were found to be absent. To improve the productivity and forage utilization, it is necessary to have knowledge of nutritive value of range species and their germination under harsh conditions. In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of the important plant species is recommended as most of the highly palatable plant species are rapidly declining due to anthropogenic and climate change pressures and also due to high intra-specific and inter-specific completion among wildlife and livestock species for forage. Previously, there was no research focused on chemical analysis and nutritive value of Saccharum ravennae.

Keywords


Ibex; Saccharum ravennae; Palatable; Khunjerab National Park

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