Influence of Nursery Technique and Growing Media on Seedling Growth and Field Performance of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.)

Ranjit Chatterjee, Dipika Mal

Abstract


Quality seedling can ensure higher crop yield. The present investigation was carried out at UBKV, West Bengal, India during winter season of 2010-11 and 2011-12 to access the impact of seedling raising method and nutrient sources on growth, quality and vigour of cabbage seedling and subsequent performance in the main field. The treatments consisted of two different growing techniques viz. open field and plug tray container and four different nutrient sources like farmyard manure (3 kg m-2), vermicompost (2 kg m-2), farmyard manure with biofertilizer and vermicompost with biofertilizer. Thus, 8 treatment combinations were laid out in two factors Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replications. The results revealed that seedlings raised in plug trays surpassed the open field seedling for different seedling attributes and recorded higher germination percentage (97.12), plant height (15.84 cm), number of leaves plant-1 (4.83), leaf chlorophyll (47.29 SPAD value) and seedling vigour (2383). Vermicompost emerged as better growth medium over farmyard manure for most of the seedling growth attributes. Seedling raised in plug trays container using vermicompost (2 kg m-2) inoculated with Azophos biofertilizer as nutrient source emerged as promising combination and registered maximum germination (98.68%), seedling height (17.59 cm), leaf chlorophyll content (49.37 SPAD value) and seedling vigour index (2620). The same combination also recorded highest heading (100%), maximum head weight (1506 g) and head yield (38.39 t ha-1) in the main field.


Keywords


Cabbage; Seedling growth; Plug tray; biofertilizer; vermicompost Growth Media

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul-Bakki, A.A. and J.D. Anderson. 1973. Vigour determination in soybean seeds by multiple criteria. Crop Sci.13:630-633.

Alex, V, A., V. Krishnasamy, R. Jerlin and S. Natarajan. 2007. Elite seedling production in tomato cv. PKM 1 using organic nursery. South Indian Hort. 55(1-6):216-219.

Atiyeh, R. M., J. Dominguez, S. Subler and C. A. Edwards. 2000. Changes in biochemical properties of cow manure during processing by earthworm and the effect on seedling growth. Pedobiolog.75:709-724.

Atiyeh, R.M., S. Lee, C.A. Edwards, N.Q. Arancon and J.D. Metzger.2002. The influence of humic acid derived from earthworm-processed organic wastes on plant growth. Biores. Technol. 84:7-14

Bhattacharya, P., R.K. Jain and M.K. Paliwal. 2000. Biofertilizers for vegetables. Indian Hort. (July-September issue). ICAR publication. New Delhi. pp 31-33.

Ievinsh, G. 2011.Vermicompost treatment differentially affects seed germination, seedlinggrowth and physiological status of vegetable crop species. Plant Growth Regul. 65(1):169-181.

Ismail, S.A. 1997. Vermicology the biology of earthworms. Orient Longman, Hyderabad, India

Krishnamoorthy, R.V. and S.N. Vajrabhiah.1986. Biological activity of earthworm casts : an assessment of plant growth promoter levels in casts. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Anim. Sci.), 95: 341–351

Matsubara,Y., E. Suzumura. and H. Fukui. 2002. Application of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi to plug seedling system in welsh onion. J. Japan Soc. Hort. Sci.71 (2):203-207.

Panse, V. G. and P. V. Sukhatme. 2000. Statistical methods for agricultural workers. ICAR Publications, New Delhi, India.

Paul, L. C. and J. D. Metzger 2005. Impact of vermicompost on vegetable transplant quality. Hort. Sci.40 (7):2020-2023.

Sharmila, B. C., B. Mohan and S. Alagudurai.2014. Raising of hybrid vegetable seedlings under portrays. J. Krishi Vigyan 2(2) : 64-68.

Shiau, F. L., W.C. Chung. J.W. Huang. and H.C. Huang.1999.Organic amendment of commercial culture media for improving control of Rhizoctonia damping-off of cabbage. Canadian J. Plant Pathol. 21(4) : 368-374.

Singh, B., B.S. Tomar and M. Hasan. 2010. Plug-tray nursery raising technology for off-season cucurbits. Acta Hort. 871: 279-282.

Singh, B., M. Kumar, V. Singh and S.P. Mehto. 2007. Plug-tray nursery raising of cucurbits in soilless media: a sustainable technology for off-season crop production under northern plains of India. Acta Hort. 742: 85-87.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Follow us at Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journal.environmental.agricultural.sciences

GoogleScholar: https://goo.gl/qVGkkj